Crime victim is also referred to as the injured party under the Czech Criminal Law and they are entitled to a number of rights during the criminal proceedings. The current legal regulation defines the injured party as a person who suffered a bodily harm as a result of criminal offence, who suffered a damage to property or non-proprietary loss, or someone to whose detriment the perpetrator of criminal offence enriched him/herself.
Particularly vulnerable victims include a child, a severely physically handicapped person, crime victim of human trafficking and a victim of crime against human dignity in sexual area or criminal offence which included violence or threat of violence with an increased danger of secondary damage. These persons are treated with increased protection (e.g. when providing explanation and examination).
Contrary to the above, persons who feel to have been morally damaged or damaged in other ways by a criminal offence but the damage they incurred has not been caused by the perpetrator’s fault, or its origin has no causal relation to the criminal offence, are not considered an “injured party”.
The injured party is entitled among others to make petitions for taking of additional evidence and have access to the files, they have the right to attend the trial, they are also entitled to submitting motion that the court imposes an obligation to the defendant in the convicting judgment to reimburse the damages that they caused to the injured party. The motion to compensation for damages along with its specification must be submitted at the trial before the court has opened the evidence proceedings at the latest, i.e. after the public prosecutor has read out the charges and before the court has started hearing the defendant. The motion must state what amount and for what reason the claim to compensation is put forward at the court.