Perpetrator is the person who committed a criminal offence. They may be called differently at individual stages of criminal proceedings, yet this is still the same person.
The suspect: refers to a likely perpetrator during the examination stage.
The accused: refers to a perpetrator accused of committing a specific criminal offence, at the stage of investigation until the moment when criminal prosecution is opened against this person.
The defendant: refers to a perpetrator during the judicial proceedings, after the trial date has been set, when the criminal case in question will be heard at the court, where the charges have been sent to.
The convict: after the court has ultimately decided on perpetrator’s guilt and on the type and term of their punishment and the judgement has become final and conclusive, the perpetrator is referred to as the convict.
Perpetrator has a number of rights and duties available, which arise from their procedural position within the criminal proceedings. For more information on these rights and duties please read Act N.141 / 1961 Coll., the code of criminal procedure, as amended.